The article links up the current international climate negotiations and the need for reducing transport-related greenhouse gas emissions in developing countries. Arguing that a sustainable transport approach requires comprehensive policy packages, it assesses the suitability of current climate negotiation proposals in promoting sustainable transport. The project-based approach under the current climate regime incentivises neither comprehensive sustainable transport and mobility policies, nor a sufficient quantity of local projects. Current proposals to increase efforts by developing countries, to reform the Clean Development Mechanism, and to create new emission trading mechanisms are promising but still not very practicable. One important obstacle involves how to properly assess the impact of actions while maintaining streamlined procedures.
The authors conclude from their analysis that the best way forward would be to establish a new financing instrument. It should comprise an international mitigation fund, financed by the industrialised countries, under the control of the UN Climate Regime. It should dispose of a dedicated transport window in order to enable developing countries to implement national policies and local projects. Developing countries interested in beeing provided with funds, should outline low-carbon development strategies, including a sectoral strategy for low-carbon transport.
The article was published in Gaia, vol. 18 (2009), no. 4.