The need for deep decarbonisation in the energy intensive basic materials industry is increasingly recognised. In light of the vast future potential for renewable electricity, Stefan Lechtenböhmer (Wuppertal Institute), Lars J. Nilsson (Lund University), Max Åhman (Lund University) and Clemens Schneider (Wuppertal Institute) explore the implications of electrifying the production of basic materials in the European Union in a what-if thought experiment.
Their analysis suggests that electrification of basic materials production is technically possible but could have major implications on how the industry and the electric systems interact. It also entails substantial changes in relative prices for electricity and hydrocarbon fuels.
The paper "Decarbonising the energy intensive basic materials industry through electrification - Implications for future EU electricity demand" was published in Energy, Volume 115, part 3. It is available for download via ScienceDirect.