Decarbonisation of energy systems requires deep structural change. The article "Tracking sectoral progress in the deep decarbonisation of energy systems in Europe" proposes a methodology to track the decarbonisation of energy systems of the European Union (EU). Furthermore, the authors analyse the decarbonisation rates in electricity, residential, transport. The results show that the EU has made significant progress in decarbonising its energy systems. On a number of indicators assessed, the results show that a significant acceleration from historical levels is required in order to reach the rates of change seen on the future benchmarks for deep decarbonisation. The methodology applied provides an example of how the research community and international organisations could complement the transparency mechanism developed by the Paris Agreement on climate change, to improve understanding of progress toward low-carbon energy systems.
The article by Thomas Spencer, Roberta Pierfederici, Oliver Sartor, Nicolas Berghmans (all Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations), Sascha Samadi, Manfred Fischedick, Katharina Knoop (all Wuppertal Institute), Steve Pye (University College London Energy Institute), Patrick Criqui, Sandrine Mathy (all Grenoble Applied Economics Lab), and Pantelis Capros (E3M-Lab) is available for download.