Last year's conference of the global climate change regime took place from 2 until 15 December 2018 in Katowice, Poland. Researchers from the Wuppertal Institute attended the conference and have now published the in-depth analysis "Paris Agreement: Ship Moves Out of the Drydock" of its key results. The conference had two main objectives: operationalising the Paris Agreement by adopting detailed rules for its implementation, and starting the process of strengthening Parties' climate protection contributions. The report covers the negotiations on these two sets of issues and also includes a discussion of other recent climate activities by Parties and non-Party actors.
Success of the negotiations in Katowice was far from assured, but in the end COP24 concluded with the adoption of the "Katowice Climate Package". This set of decisions operationalises the 2015 Paris Agreement by setting out detailed guidelines on how to implement its various elements. However, the conference fell short on the first objective, none of the major emitting countries was ready to step up its climate ambition. The most important aspect of the Katowice outcome is therefore that it has brought the wrangling about implementation procedures to a close, making way for the true task at hand: the strengthening of national and international activities to protect the climate and the implementation of the existing pledges.
Arguably, a key factor that has been slowing down climate policy is the power of entrenched interests. The report therefore concludes with a reflection on how such barriers to climate action may be overcome and what role future COPs may play in this regard.
The detailed analysis report is available free of charge under the following download link.