Global climate policy has so far strongly focused on economy-wide emissions. However, mitigation opportunities and barriers vary strongly from sector to sector. Taking these sectoral differences into account would allow global governance and international cooperation to identify the most promising route of action.
The report "Assessing sectoral climate governance gaps and policy options" by a team of authors from the Free University Brussels, Basque Centre for Climate Change, University of Eastern Finland, and the Wuppertal Institute assesses sectoral governance gaps and potentials across four hard-to-abate sectors. The four sectors are Agriculture, Forestry, and Other Land Use (AFOLU), energy-intensive industry, buildings, and transport. The sectoral analyses build on a common research framework that identifies six functions that international governance can perform to help solve problems such as climate change:
By applying this framework, the four selected governance analyses take stock of the existing activities of international institutions (mapped against the various governance functions), and identify areas where sectoral agreements and coalitions could help realise transformational pathways. To assess options for advancing sectoral climate governance, the authors apply a common set of broad assessment criteria for all case studies, including membership of the institution, institutional strength and capacity, legitimacy and authority, and political feasibility. On this basis, they identify and assess different options to close existing governance gaps, such as reforming one or more existing institutions, or creating a new institution.
The report is available free of charge under the link below.