The countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) play an important part in the global energy transition due to their central role in the production, use and export of oil and natural gas and in view of the abundant potential of renewable energies.
Against this background, the aim of this study is to provide a starting point for the development of strategies for the transition to an energy system based on renewable energies in the MENA countries and thus to support the sustainable transformation in the region.
The analysis builds on a phase model for the energy transition in MENA countries, which has been developed by the Wuppertal Institute in cooperation with the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) in the earlier project "Phase Model MENA" and applied to Jordan. Within this project, which is likewise carried out together with the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, the researchers will transfer and apply the MENA energy transition phase model to nine other selected countries in the region – e.g., Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Israel, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Tunisia and Yemen. The research will be carried out together with local research partners from the different countries. The results of the analyses can on the one hand provide valuable insights at the country level and on the other hand enable important conclusions to be drawn for the entire region.