Long-Term Scenarios for a Socially Optimised Future Electricity Supply

  • Project no.1134
  • Duration 03/2007 - 02/2009

Due to recent developments in connection with the liberalisation of the energy sector, the traditional assumption that a centralised expansion of large-scale power plants and grids would lead to a socially optimal power supply, is becoming more and more questionable. Therefore, the Austrian Ministry for Innovation commissioned the Vienna Universtity of Technology to study the energy systems of the future.
The Wuppertal Institute, along with the project team, works on the central theme of the project: "What are the future options to provide Austria with a socially optimised electricity-specific energy supply while inducing the lowest possible costs for society?"
Different development scenarios are taken into consideration and impacts of the following investment alternatives are analysed:

  • Investment in central large-scale power plants in Austria (coal, gas and steam, hydropower, wind, biomass ...);
  • Investment in decentralised power supply (photovoltaics, fuel cells, wood pellets-stirling, micro-cogeneration ...);
  • Investment in transmission grids and/or distribution grids;
  • Investment in customer-sided energy efficiency enhancement measures respectively energy saving measures;
  • Importing.