Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) should make a contribution to a Transformational Change or Paradigm Shift towards a low-carbon development. That is what more and more donors of climate finance, who fund (or intend to fund) NAMAs request. How this contribution to Transformational Change can be assessed, however, often is still unclear. Against this background, the NAMA Partnership Working Group on Sustainable Development (WG-SD) and the International Partnership on Mitigation and MRV are conducting a research project on indicators of transformational change for measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) of NAMAs. These indicators shall help policy-makers, investors and implementers to identify and decide which NAMA proposals should be prioritised to promote transformational change, which factors must be observed and worked on to foster transformational change through targeted interventions, and to track progress of transformational changes through MRV. To identify suitable indicators, case studies will be conducted, which assess ongoing processes of transformations towards a low-carbon development. The Wuppertal Institute supports this project by providing input on transition theory and specific application of this theory in the field of climate mitigation and specifically NAMAs.The project is supported by the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ). It is being implemented the UNEP DTU Partnership (formerly the UNEP Risoe Centre) in collaboration with Wuppertal Institute.