If climate targets are to be met, more than 80 % of global coal reserves need to stay in the ground. Phasing out coal use in power generation poses high challenges for energy policy. For mining regions, a coal phase-out is a drastic challenge with high economic burdens and potential job losses. How can such a process of structural change be supported and managed, minimising social disruptions?
The project "Structural Change in Coal-Mining Regions" assesses two historic processes: (1) phase-out of coal mining in the Ruhr area and (2) reduction of lignite mining in the Lausitz after the German reunification. In both cases, the processes of structural change were supported by a wide range of structural policies. These will be assessed with respect to their suitability to support potential future coal phase-out processes in Germany and other European countries.