The Energy End-use Efficiency and Energy Services Directive (ESD) sets an indicative target for EU Member States to achieve 9 percent of annual energy savings from energy efficiency improvement measures within nine years. It requires the Member States to submit national energy efficiency action plans (NEEAPs), which outline the national saving target and the measures to be implemented to achieve this target.
Therefore, European and national parliamentarians launched the initiative "Energy Efficiency Watch". The initiative is designed as a channel for members of the EU-27 National Parliaments and the European Parliament to influence the development and the implementation of the NEEAPs. The Energy-Efficiency-Watch-Initiative will inform parliamentarians on the status quo regarding the NEEAPs in all 27 EU Member States and facilitate an exchange of information on best energy efficiency practice. The Watch also helps raising awareness on the NEEAPs in all Member States.
The Wuppertal Institute and Ecofys provide scientific advice for this initiative by evaluating the National Energy Efficiency Action Plans. The evaluation is divided into three phases:
The evaluation addresses a number of research questions, among them: