Apart from production-related greenhouse gas emissions (GHG), many industrial sectors may as well be characterised by the manufacturing of goods, which help to save energy and corresponding emissions during their use-phase (like insulating or lightweight materials).
With the implementation of ambitious climate protection goals, this leads to the following problem: On the one hand, strong GHG reduction targets have to be imposed on the industrial sectors. On the other hand, a point of view considering lifecycle-wide climate protection requires encouraging the production of certain goods or even the establishment of entire industries with an appropriate portfolio of low-carbon products.
This leads to the question if it is possible to implement compensating mechanisms for the production of climate-friendly products. It has to be considered how such mechanisms could be developed and if, for example, a credit could be granted to certain branches of industry when determining GHG reduction targets.
Taking into account the afore-mentioned challenge (to balance climate protection targets and the attractiveness of production sites), this short study encompasses the following aspects: