In order to reach Europe's climate targets, the industry sector, particularly in the energy-intensive basic industries, needs to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions drastically. Although great progress has been made in the past, further groundbreaking innovations as well as the development of the respective infrastructure are imperative. In the framework of this project for the European Climate Foundation, the Wuppertal Institute summarises the current knowledge on the topic and discusses it with regard to the status quo in the German federal state of Northrhine-Westphalia (NRW). Moreover, scenarios are modelled which show potential future decarbonisation pathways for the local energy-intensive basic industries. These are analysed and key issues and further research questions for NRW identified.
The project includes the following tasks: