The Research Unit Systems and Infrastructures analyses the interaction between technologies, infrastructures and energy sources for the transformation to a sustainable energy system.
The focus of research is on transformation processes that will lead from today's established technologies and infrastructures to a sustainable energy system and industrial sector. This involves the identification, analysis and optimisation of suitable systems and technologies, taking into account path dependencies and technical as well as spatial and temporal interactions.
Infrastructures, such as electricity grids, gas pipelines, product pipelines and heat grids, play a special role in security of supply and the conversion of the energy system, and can be both a prerequisite for and an obstacle to transforming the energy system. Such infrastructures are large-scale and durable; once investments have been made, they should be used over several decades. It is therefore essential to identify robust paths, so that the expansion of infrastructures purposefully contributes to the transformation of the energy system and no undesirable lock-in effects occur.
But it is not only technical issues that influence the implementation of the infrastructure expansion, but also acceptance issues, for example. The research methods therefore not only include specific, mainly techno-economic modelling of energy infrastructures and energy systems, but also non-technical – such as multi-criteria – analyses.
The scientists at the Research Unit Systems and Infrastructures are working on concepts and implementation strategies for the transformation to climate-neutral and sustainable energy and industrial systems. They focus in particular on the optimisation of the low-carbon infrastructures required for this purpose and the interaction between energy supply systems and large energy consumers. In addition, they follow and participate in current debates on energy economics and energy technology with their own findings.
The Research Unit Systems and Infrastructures focuses in particular on
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