Nearly all countries have proposed climate actions, so-called nationally determined contributions (NDCs), in the wake of the Paris Agreement. Still, in total these plans do not suffice to keep climate change at a secure level.
Therefore, all countries will have to revisit their mitigation plans and identify options to strengthen them. Additionally, industrialised countries in particular will have to identify areas, where cooperative solutions with developing countries and emerging economies can bear most fruit.
As all countries have highly different predispositions and mitigation options are highly diverse, such an analysis needs detailed knowledge on national circumstance, technical mitigation options and on-going political processes in order to give constructive options for ambitious climate policy and targeted support to countries for their implementation.
This project compiled and analysed quantitative and qualitative information on climate protective policies and actions as well as future options for deeper emission cuts in Ethiopia, Georgia, Indonesia, Iran, Kenya, Colombia, Morocco, the Marshall Islands, Peru and Vietnam. The results of our analysis enable the German Environment Ministry (BMUB) and the German Environmental Protection Agency (UBA) to enter into fruitful and constructive dialogue with these countries on realistic options to strengthen their climate policies.
We analysed all relevant areas of mitigation policy: countries' NDCs, as pledged in Paris, potential for further GHG mitigation, in particular exit options from coal use, and institutional structures relevant for implementing climate policies and actions within the countries.