World ClimateConference inGlasgow

After decades of negotiations, the Paris Climate Agreement finally created an internationally agreed framework for the fight against climate change with contributions by all countries. From 31 October to 12 November 2021, the international community gathers at the twenty-sixth Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP26) in Glasgow to further advance the implementation of the Agreement.

The main topic in Glasgow will be how the efforts of countries can be further strengthened. The climate protection contributions which countries have so far pledged are far too weak to achieve the objective of the Paris Agreement to stabilise global temperature increase well below 2 degrees Celsius. In addition, countries are supposed to agree on rules for cooperation under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. Article 6 gives countries the possibility to cooperate in the implementation of their contributions and to transfer emission reductions.
The Wuppertal Institute has been observing the UN climate process from the beginning and published an assessment after each conference soon after its close. In addition, the Wuppertal Institute presents its research in numerous side events and discusses effective ways for implementing the Paris Agreement.

COP25 climate negotiations
Climate negotiations during global climate change regime (Conference of the Parties, COP25) in December 2019 in Madrid, Spain. Source: IISD/Kiara Worth (

UN Climate Change Conferences: Wuppertal Institute's Analysis Reports

The Wuppertal Institute publishes an analytical report after each COP. The reports published since 2001 can be downloaded below.
Further publications by the Wuppertal Institute on current international climate policy issues can be found on the global climate governance page.

The increase in weather extremes and the associated damage show us very clearly that it is high time to implement the objectives of the Paris Agreement. The necessary technologies are at our disposal and are more cost-effective than ever, as the example of the solar cells demonstrates.

Prof. Dr. Manfred Fischedick
Scientific Managing Director


Here you find publications on UN Climate Change Conferences.

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Progressive Countries Score a Realpolitik Victory in Durban While the Real Climate Continues to Heat Up

Processed, Refried - Little Substance Added

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New Horizons and Old Pitfalls

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Starting the Kyoto Business and Preparing for post-2012

It Takes Two to Tango

Climate Policy at COP 10 in Buenos Aires and Beyond

Warning Signs from Delhi

Troubled Waters Ahead for Global Climate Policy

Climate Policy after the Marrakesh Accords

From Legislation to Implementation

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