World ClimateConference inGlasgow

The Paris Climate Agreement is an internationally agreed framework to combat climate change. The international community gathered at the 26th Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP26) in Glasgow in November 2021 to further advance the implementation of the Agreement.

The main topic in Glasgow was how the efforts can increase countries' efforts. The climate protection contributions which countries have pledged so far have been too weak to achieve the Paris Agreement objective of stabilising global temperature increase at well below 2 degrees Celsius. In addition, countries were supposed to agree on rules for cooperation under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. Article 6 gives countries the option of cooperating to implement their contributions and to transfer emission reductions. The Wuppertal Institute has been observing the UN climate process from the beginning and published an assessment soon after each conference. The Institute presented its research at numerous side events and discussed effective ways of implementing the Paris Agreement.

COP25 climate negotiations
Climate negotiations on the international climate change regime (Conference of the Parties, COP25) in December 2019 in Madrid, Spain. Source: IISD/Kiara Worth (   

UN Climate Change Conferences: Wuppertal Institute's Analysis Reports

The Wuppertal Institute publishes an analytical report after each COP. The reports published since 2001 can be downloaded below. Further publications by the Wuppertal Institute on current international climate policy issues can be found on the global climate governance page.

The increase in weather extremes and the associated damage show us very clearly that it is high time to implement the objectives of the Paris Agreement. The necessary technologies are at our disposal and are more cost-effective than ever, as the example of the solar cells example demonstrates.

Prof. Dr. Manfred Fischedick
Scientific Managing Director


Here you find publications on UN Climate Change Conferences.

Related publications

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Climate Conference in Glasgow: Turning Point for Climate Action?

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COP26 Must Promote Increased Ambition and Advance Implementation of Paris Agreement

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Climate Diplomacy on Hold, but not Climate Change

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