Review of Eco-Efficiency Concepts in Europe

  • Project no.4851
  • Duration 07/2001 - 01/2002

The study assesses recent European concepts concerning environmental policy. These concepts are described and analysed in detail: their development, methodological approaches and transfer into action, including the main advantages and disadvantages. The focus is put on the following policy fields: energy, material flow, transport and sustainable enterprises. The aim is to support Japanese decision makers in their policy design.
The part of the energy division deals with successful policy approaches for an increase in the use of renewable energy technologies and in the efficiency rates of demand side processes. We focused our analyses on the "German Renewable Energy Sources Act" and "Policies to Stimulate Demand-Side Services".
Based upon the interim report of February 2001 another question has risen: to describe and analyse the necessary database for bottom-up scenarios, an area where Japan has only few experiences. The aim was to provide ideas for the Japanese partners on how to modify the existing state data collecting and statistical system.
In the study is furthermore discussed, which advantages a detailed residential heat and cold model may have for decision makers.
Detailed information is given to support a set up of a database for such a model.