This short project realised on behalf of the "Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit" (GTZ) analysed the most important and the technically most likly feasible emission mitigation potentials in the industry sector; it identified their implementation costs as well as first approaches for adequate policy measures.
The focus of this short study was on developing countries and economies in transition. As the industry sector is very broad and diverse a number of sub-sectors in the field of production and processing were selected: iron and steel, cement, mineral raw material, aluminium, pulp and paper, refrigerants, and ammonia. This selection covered the key industries with the highest mitigation potentials. However, it has to be added that for certain countries other industry sub-sectors may be more relevant.
Main sources used for the analysis were the IPCC reports, studies of various research institutes and consultants, as well as own sources. In the run of the project it became more and more apparent, that data regarding the mitigation potential of certain industry sub-sectors in developing countries and economies in transition is rare and that a sufficient data basis to calculate concrete mitigation potentials is missing. Therefore, and due to the limited scope of the study, it was mostly just possible to present some trends and rough estimates.
The project outcome will provide a basis for GTZ recommendations to be developed with regard to a possible role of German Development Cooperation in this context.