From Waste to a Sustainable Resource Management

The European Commission identifies the transition process to a circular economy and the treatment of "waste as a resource" as one of three key strategies for a resource efficient Europe. However, the establishment of waste management as part of a sustainable resource management framework means nothing less than a profound transformation of one of the most important interfaces of the socio-industrial metabolism.

From a resource-based point of view, waste is first and foremost to be avoided, which also includes increased reuse of products and single components. Repair and dismantling or the "upgrading" of second hand products is required by e.g. the European Waste Framework Directive, however appropriate policies, guidelines or indicators are still almost non-existent.

Waste separation
Sorting at source can substantially support the recovery of waste.

Waste is not only recycled to reduce the amount of disposal; its primary aim is to supply the production process with inputs for further production. Thereby “waste” competes with primary resources. A true circular economy should aim at avoiding the downcycling of raw materials contained in waste, in particular by developing resource-based targets instead of solely weight-based ones. This will require innovative approaches to global resource management for waste, which go beyond a mere transfer of environmental burdens.

The Wuppertal Institute develops strategies and concepts for a low-waste and resource-efficient society. The entailed socio-economic, technical and institutional challenges are analysed and innovative approaches are developed and realised in cooperation with practice partners. Key areas are the development and evaluation of national waste prevention programmes, the optimisation of individual material flows (platinum group metals, copper, plastics) and the further development of concepts of extended producer responsibility (Waste electric and electronic equipment, end-of-life vehicles).


Here you find publications on waste and resource management.


Here you find research activities in the field of waste and sustainable resource management.

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