Sufficiency asks for the right measure. Sustainability requires a threefold strategy: eco-efficiency is broadly accepted; consistency is the transition to technologies consistent with nature; but without sufficiency, they both miss the goal.

The strategy refers to lifestyles and business behaviours that end the overuse of goods and thus resources and energy.

Public gardens with vegetables
Public gardens with local fruit and vegetable cultivation contribute to a healthy and sufficient lifestyle – true to the motto "sharing instead of owning".

The leading questions of an eco-sufficiency research are:

  • What personal attitudes or social and political conditions stand in the way of an orientation towards sufficiency and how can these obstacles be overcome?
  • What insights and behaviours of individuals, groups and institutions can help to convince the broad strata of society to use resources less or differently? How can the prevailing concept of prosperity with its strong link to material goods be changed so that sustainable development can take root in society?
  • How would lifestyles and business styles predicated on sufficiency affect the structure and growth of the economy?
  • What business models are available for corporations whose products and services contribute to reducing consumption?
  • What strategies and instruments are qualified to create the necessary policy conditions to foster a sufficient lifestyle and economy instead of hindering or even preventing it?


Here you find publications on sufficiency.


Here you find research activities in the field of sufficiency.

Related projects

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